Two cases of HIV transmission through breastfeeding in mothers with undetectable viral load reported 12 hours ago. Removable PrEP implant produces high drug levels in rabbits; further studies planned 15 November Behind the scenes at European Testing Week. A long life with HIV. The struggle for sexual and reproductive health and rights in central and eastern Europe. HIV treatment Sexual contact between female and female not a cure, but it is keeping millions of people well.
Start learning about it in this section. In this section we have answered some "Sexual contact between female and female" the questions you might have if you have just found out you have HIV. Antiretroviral drugs chart A one-page reference guide to the anti-HIV drugs licensed for use in the European Union, with information on formulation, dosing, key side-effects and food restrictions.
Our award-winning series of booklets, with each title providing a comprehensive overview of one aspect of living with HIV. A range of interactive tools to support people living with HIV to get involved in decisions about their treatment and care. Short factsheets, providing a summary of key topics. Particularly useful when looking for information on a specific issue, rather than exploring a wider topic. When considering the issue of female-to-female sexual transmission it is important to draw a distinction between the risk of transmission by Sexual contact between female and female route and diagnoses of HIV infection in women who identify as lesbian.
There have been only five reported cases of woman-to-woman sexual transmission, and these reports need to be viewed with the same caution as any other case reports of transmission through oral sex cunnilingus. One of the most thoroughly investigated reports concerns a woman who a monogamous sexual relationship lasting nearly two years with a woman who died of AIDS in In the patient developed vaginal herpes; her partner was not suffering from herpes.
In April the woman developed what appears to have been a seroconversion illness. Upon the death of her partner in the woman tested HIV-positive. She had a relatively high CD4 count, suggesting that she had been infected recently. The woman denied any activity which could have put her at risk for HIV infection apart from sexual contact with her deceased partner. It is sometimes argued that no large-scale epidemiological investigation of HIV prevalence amongst lesbians has taken place.
However, three studies of the source of infection of all women with AIDS in the US have failed to identify any cases of woman-to-woman transmission. All of these women had other risk factors: These studies suggest that whilst lesbians may be infected with HIV through sexual intercourse with men or through shared injecting equipment, there is very little risk that they will transmit the virus to other women during sexual intercourse.
An Italian study of 18 HIV-discordant lesbian couples who had been monogamous partners for at least three months prior to recruitment and who were followed for six months found no seroconversions occurred during this period.
Three-quarters of the couples reported sharing sex toys and virtually all couples reported oral sex. The case concerns a year-old woman, from Philadelphia, who presented with HIV infection having had a negative HIV test result six months earlier.
The woman had been in a monogamous lesbian relationship for the past two years, and denied having had any other sexual partners, male or female. She had never injected drugs or received blood products, and had no tattoos or body piercings. These activities did not occur during menstruation, but sex Sexual contact between female and female had occasionally been used vigorously enough to draw blood.
A medical examination established that the woman was in good health with no evidence of injecting drug use, or nasal damage from cocaine snorting. The "Sexual contact between female and female" also had good oral health, which physicians took "Sexual contact between female and female" mean that oral transmission could be ruled out. Her bisexual partner was known to be HIV-positive, and is believed to be the source of infection because of similarities observed when the two women underwent genotypic drug-resistance tests.
The year-old woman was infected with multidrug-resistant HIV. The investigators note that this is the "first reported case of female-to-female sexual transmission of HIV supported by identification of similar HIV genotypes in the source patient and the recipient".
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It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health. Talk to your doctor or another member of your team for advice tailored to your situation.
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Featured Resources Antiretroviral "Sexual contact between female and female" chart A Sexual contact between female and female reference guide to the anti-HIV drugs licensed for use in European Union, with information on formulation, dosing, key side-effects and food restrictions.
Search for HIV services across the world Find contact details for over key organisations in more than countries. Female-to-female sexual transmission Published: The risk of female-to-female sexual transmission is very low.
There have only been five reported cases. HIV-positive women who identify as lesbian may have acquired HIV through injecting drug use or sex with men. Transmission is possible through sharing sex toys, fisting and oral sex. Risk factors which have been suggested in sex between women include: Sharing of sex toys. Fisting, particularly if blood is drawn. Related Links Oral sex Sex toys Fingering and fisting.
References Rich JD et al. Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus infection presumed to have occurred via female homosexual contact. J Clin Inf Diseases Epidemiology of HIV—1 Infection in bisexual women. Evidence for female—to—female HIV transmission amongfemale blood donors.
No HIV—1 transmission through lesbian sex.
Female-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis Anal intercourse Vaginal intercourse Oral sex Female-to-female sexual transmission Other sexual activities. Up a level Back to contents. NAM Publications Registered office: NAM is not responsible for the content of external websites.
During sexual intercourse, or vaginal sex, the boy's of sperm, from his penis into the girl's vagina. Women who have sex with women (WSW) are women who engage in sexual activities with. Transmission of specific sexually transmitted diseases among women who have sex with women depends on the sexual practices women engage in.
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Women who have shafting with women WSW are women who engage in procreative activities with other women, whether or not they relate themselves as lesbian , bisexual Minimizing, pansexual , heterosexual , or issue with sexual affiliation altogether. In terms of medical issues with regard to lesbian sexual practices , the sensual identification of women who consult a medical professional is usually not sought nor volunteered, fitting to the misconceptions and assumptions approximately sexuality and the hesitancy of some women in disclosing their accurate sex histories even to a physician.
A factor which leads to lesbians neglecting to seek medical screening in the United States is a lack of health insurance offered by employers also in behalf of same-sex domestic partners. When women do seek medical diligence, medical professionals repeatedly fail to survive a remove a complete medical history.
In a recent study of 2, lesbian and bisexual women, at most 9. A patient's complete history helps medical professionals pinpoint higher risk areas and corrects assumptions about the exclusive histories of women. Heart disease is listed by the U. Department of Health and Services as the number one engender of death in regard to all women. Factors that add to risk of fundamentals disease include tubbiness and smoking Cultivated, both of which are more omnipresent in lesbians.
Studies show that lesbians have a higher body mass and are generally declined concerned about millstone issues than heterosexual women, although they are more probable to engage in exercise regularly.
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Staying with him/her even though your not in-love?Although several studies have shown no evidence of transmission between women who have sex with women (WSW) [1–3], there have been a few reports. He based these conclusions on a broad range of empirical findings. According to this research, women have greater variation both in the level of sexual activity..
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