Age of candidacy is the minimum age at which a person can legally qualify to hold certain elected government offices. In many cases, it also determines the age at which a person may be eligible to stand for an election or be granted ballot access. The first known example of a law enforcing age of candidacy was the Lex Villia Annalisa Roman law enacted in BCE How old do you have to be a president set the minimum ages for senatorial magistrates.
Many youth rights groups view current age of candidacy requirements as unjustified age discrimination. On extremely rare occasions, young people have been elected to offices they do not qualify for and have been deemed ineligible to assume the office.
Constitution requires senators to be at least 30, Holt was forced to wait until his 30th birthday, six months after the start of the session, before being sworn in. InRichard Fulton won election to the Tennessee Senate. Shortly after being sworn in, Fulton was ousted from office because he was only 27 years old at the time.
The Tennessee State Constitution required that senators be at least Fulton went on to win the next State Senate election in and was later elected to the US House of Representatives where he served for 10 years. In South Carolina, two Senators aged 24 were elected, but were too young according to the State Constitution: They were seated anyway.
On several occasions, the Socialist Workers Party USA has nominated candidates too young to qualify for the offices they were running for.
Constitution requires that the President and Vice President be at least 35 years old, Jenness was not able to receive ballot access in several states in which she otherwise qualified. Hawkins was also unable to receive ballot access in several states due to her age. In the United States, many groups have attempted to lower age of candidacy requirements in various states.
InSouth Dakota voters rejected a ballot measure that would have lowered the age requirements to serve as a State Senator or State Representative from 30 to Inhowever, they approved a similar ballot measure that reduced the age requirements for those offices from 25 to InOregon voters rejected a ballot measure that would have reduced the age requirement to serve as a State Representative from 21 to During the early s, the British Youth Council and other groups successfully campaigned to lower age of candidacy requirements in the United Kingdom.
In Australia a person must be aged 18 or over to stand for election to public office at federal, state or local government level.
The youngest ever member of the House of Representatives was year-old Wyatt Roy elected in the federal election after the How old do you have to be a president Act was amended in to reduce the age of candidacy for that office from 21 to In Austriaa person must be 18 years of age or older to stand in elections to the European Parliament or National Council.
Any Belgian who has reached the age of 18 years can stand for election for the Chamber of Representativescan become a member of the Senateor can be elected in one of the regional parliaments. According to the Constitution of Belizea person must be at least 18 years old to be elected as a member of the House of Representatives and must be at least 30 to be Speaker of the House. A person must be at least 18 years old to be appointed to the Senate and must be at least 30 to be President or Vice-President of the Senate.
As only members of the House of Representatives are eligible to be appointed Prime Minister, the Prime Minister must be at least 18 years old. A person must also be at least 18 years old to be elected to a village council. To be eligible to run for federal Member of Parliament for the House of Commons of Canadayou must be minimum 18 years on the day of the election.
In Chile the minimum age required to be elected President of the Republic is 35 years on the day of the election. Before the reforms the requirement was 40 years, and from to it was 30 years. For senators How old do you have to be a president is 35 years between and it was 40 years and for deputies it is 21 years between and it was 35 years. In China the minimum age to be elected as president or vice-president is In Cyprus the minimum age to be elected president is 35 years.
In the Czech Republica person must be at least 18 years old to be elected in local elections. A person must be at least 21 years old to be elected to the lower house of the Czech Parliament or to the European Parliament and 40 years old to be a member of the upper house Senate of the Parliament  or the President of the Czech Republic. In Denmarkany adult 18 years of age or older can become a candidate and be elected in any public election.
In Estoniaany citizen 18 years of age or older can be elected in local electionsand 21 years or older in parliamentary elections. The minimum age for the President of Estonia is In Franceany citizen 18 years of age or older can be elected to the lower house of Parliamentand 24 years or older for the Senate.
The minimum age for the President of France is In Germanyany citizen 18 years of age or older can be elected in national, regional or local elections. The only exception is the Landtag election in Hesse where a minimum age of 21 is required.
In Hong Kong a person must be at least 21 to be candidate in a district council or Legislative Council election.
A person must be at least 40 to be candidate in the Chief Executive election, and also at least 40 to be candidate in the election for the President of the Legislative Council from among the members of the Legislative Council. Criticism has been on the rise to decrease the age of candidacy in India.
Young India Foundation has been working on a campaign to decrease the age of candidacy in India for MPs and MLAs to better reflect the large young demographic of India. In Israel one must be at least 21 to become a member of the Knesset Basic Law: The Knesset section 6 a or a municipality.
When the Prime Minister was directly elected, one must have been a member of the Knesset who is at least 30 to be a candidate for Prime Minister.
Every Israeli Citizen including minors can be appointed as a Government Minister, or elected as President of Israelbut the latter role is mostly ceremonial and elected by the Parliament. In Italya person must be at least 50 to be President of the Republic, 40 to be a Senatorand 25 to be a Deputyas specified in the Constitution of Italy.
In Iran a person must be at least 21 years old to run for president. The Iraqi constitution states that a person must be at least 40 years old to run for president  and 35 years old to be Prime Minister.
The Constitution of Ireland requires the President to be at least 35 and members of the Oireachtas legislature to be In Japan a person must be at least: In South Koreaa person must be at least 40 years old to be President. A person must be at least 25 years old to be the member of the National Assembly or to be Mayor or Governor. In Malaysiaany citizen 21 years of age or older can become a candidate and be elected to the Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Undangan Negeri.
Minimum age for the Senator is 30 by constitution. In Mexicoa person must be at least 35 to be President, 25 to be a Senator, or 21 to be a Congressional Deputy, as specified in the Constitution of Mexico. In the Netherlandsany adult 18 years of age or older can become a candidate and be elected in any public election. Citizens and permanent residents who are enrolled as an elector are eligible to be a candidate for election as a Member of Parliament.
In Nigeriaa person must be at least 35 years of age to be elected President or Vice President35 to be a Senator or State Governor, and 25 to be a Representative in parliament or Member of the States' House of Assembly. In North Koreaany person eligible to vote in elections to the Supreme People's Assembly is also eligible to stand for candidacy. The age for both voting and candidacy is In Norwayany adult can become a candidate and be elected in any public election, from the calendar year that he or she turns 18 years.
In Pakistana person must be at least 45 years old to be President. A person must be at least 25 years old to be a member of the provincial assembly or national assembly.
In Singapore a person must be at least 45 years old to run for president. Section 47, Clause 1 of the Constitution of South Africa states that "Every citizen who is qualified to vote for the National Assembly is eligible to be a member of the Assembly", defaulting to Section 46 which "provides for a minimum voting age of 18 years" in National Assembly elections; Sections and provide the same for provincial legislatures.
In Swedenany citizen at least 18 years old, who How old do you have to be a president, or who has resided in the realm can be elected to parliament. Citizens of other countries may also be elected to council, provided they have resided in the realm for at least three years. In Switzerlandany citizen aged 18 or over can become a candidate and be elected in any federal election.
In Thailand the minimum age to be elected to the National Assembly is 35 years. The constitution set the age for parliamentary elections as This remained unchanged until 13 Octoberwhen it was lowered to 25 through How old do you have to be a president constitutional amendment. Init was further lowered to 18, the same as the voting age. The Prime Minister of Turkey has to be a member of the parliament, hence it has the How old do you have to be a president requirements as parliamentary eligibility.
The age of candidacy for the President is Due to new laws being voted in as said Prime Minister is related to parliament and in order to be in parliament you have to be 18 and the government of Turkey said that 18 will be the age for when you can run for prime minister. In the United Kingdoma person must be aged 18 or over in Northern IrelandEnglandand Walesand 16 or over in Scotland to stand in elections to all parliaments, assemblies, and councils at the European, UK, devolvedor local level.
This age requirement also applies in elections to any individual elective public office; the main example is that of an elected mayorwhether of London or a local authority. There are no higher age requirements for particular positions in public office. Candidates are required to be aged 18 on both the day of nomination and the day of the poll. This was reduced from 21 by the Electoral Administration Act In the United Statesa person must be aged 35 or over to be President or Vice President, 30 or over to be a Senator, and 25 or over to be a Representative, as specified in the U.
Most states in the U. In Venezuelaa person must be at least 30 to be President or Vice President 21 to be a deputy for the National Assembly  and 25 to be the Governor of a state. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of the Politics series on Youth rights Activities. Dagenhart History of youth rights in the United States Morse v.
Adam Fletcher activist David J. Males Neil Postman Sonia Yaco.